Psychology essay personality
It is your unique personality that makes you who you are and influences everything from your relationships to the way you live. Personality psychology is one of the largest and most popular branches of psychology. Psychologists strive to understand how personality develops as well as how it influences the way we think and behave. This area of psychology seeks to understand personality and how it varies among individuals as well as how people are similar in terms of personality. Psychologists also assess, diagnose, and treat personality disorders that can interfere with an individual's day-to-day life.
What is it that makes you who you are?
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Certainly, many factors contribute to the person you are today, including your genetics, your upbringing, and your life experiences. Many would argue that what truly makes you unique is the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make up your personality. While there is no single agreed upon definition of personality, it is often thought of as something that arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life.
It encompasses all of the thoughts, behavior patterns, and social attitudes that impact how we view ourselves and what we believe about others and the world around us. Understanding personality allows psychologists to predict how people will respond to certain situations and the sorts of things they prefer and value.
In order to understand how researchers study personality psychology, it is important to start by learning more about some of the most influential personality theories. A number of different theories have emerged to explain various aspects of personality. Some theories focus on explaining how personality develops, while others are concerned with individual differences in personality. The trait theories of personality are centered on the idea that personality is made up of a number of different broad traits or dispositions. Various theories have been proposed over the years to attempt to identify exactly which attributes serve as key components in personality and to determine the total number of personality traits.
Psychologist Gordon Allport was one of the first to describe personality in terms of individual traits. In his dispositional perspective, he suggested that there are different kinds of traits. Common traits are those that are shared by many people within a particular culture. Central traits are those that make up an individual's personality. Cardinal traits are those that are so dominant that a person becomes primarily known for those characteristics. Mother Teresa, for example, was so well-known for her charitable work that her name became almost synonymous to service to those in need.
While Allport had suggested that there were as many as 4, individual traits, the psychologist Raymond Cattell proposed that there were He also believed that these traits exist on a continuum and that all people possess each trait in varying degrees. Later, psychologist Hans Eysenck narrowed this list of traits even further and suggested that there were just three: extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism. The "Big Five" theory is perhaps the most popular and widely accepted trait theory of personality today.
This theory proposes that personality is made up of five broad personality dimensions: extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. Each trait exists as a broad continuum, and each individual's personality lies somewhere on that spectrum for each trait.
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For example, you might be high in extroversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness while being somewhere in the middle of the continuum for the traits of openness and neuroticism. Freud's theory of psychosexual development is one of the best-known personality theories, but also one of the most controversial.
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According to Freud, children progress through a series of stages of personality development. At each stage, libidinal energy, or the force that drives all human behaviors, becomes focused on specific erogenous zones.
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Successful completion of each stage results in moving on to the next phase of development, but failure at any particular stage can lead to fixations that can impact adult personality. Psychologist named Erik Erikson described a series of eight psychosocial stages that people go through during life. Each stage plays a significant role in the development of personality and psychological skills. During each stage, the individual faces a developmental crisis that serves as a turning point in development.
Erikson was more interested in how social interactions influenced the development of personality and was primarily concerned with the development of what he called ego identity.
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Successfully completing the stages leads to the development of a healthy personality. While Freud's theory suggested that personality is primarily formed and set in stone at a very early age, Erikson believed that personality continues to develop and grow throughout life. In order to study and measure personality, psychologists have developed a number of different personality tests, assessments, and inventories.
Many of these tests are widely used in a variety of settings. Other assessments may be used to help people learn more about different aspects of their personalities or as screening and evaluation tools when diagnosing different types of personality disorders. The chances are that you have encountered a wide variety of personality tests in different forms online. Many of these tests purport to reveal the "real you," while others are clearly just for entertainment. For example, you might come across online quizzes that identify whether you have an extroverted or introverted personality.
Gaining a better understanding of yourself can sometimes help you become more aware of why you work so well with others or why you sometimes feel like you just need a little alone time. The key is to remember that any assessment that you take online should probably be taken with a grain of salt. The results came back a little different than what I thought of myself at first but the more I pondered on it, the more it made sense. My three most dominant personality traits are Conscientious, Dominant and Steadiness.
I will explain the personality tests that I took…. This model of personality also includes the traits openness-to-experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness. Personality is a subject that is mixed with the environment that we are surrounded by and beliefs in which we are brought up with, that transforms us and makes the person we are. It all starts at birth, how we are raised and the changes in our lives that we experience that make us grow as people.
Nobody looks at life the same way as we did in our childhood, teens, or even in college. Our personality all changes as we progress through life. Theories have been developed by psychologists to help the…. Essays Essays FlashCards.
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Personality Essay Words 3 Pages. Show More. These personality types encompass the basic characteristics of a person. There is a simple reaction time experiment which consists of only one stimulus and one response Kosinski, There is also a recognition reaction time experiment and has more than one stimulus that needs to be responded to and it also contains a detractor set Kosinski, Another type of reaction time experiment is the choice test.
In this type of test the user must give a response that corresponds to the stimulus Kosinski, The reaction time test that we used in our research will be a simple reaction time experiment.
A variety of personal characteristics have been shown to be associated with differences in reaction time. For example arousal, age, gender, left or right handedness, practice and errors, fatigue, personality, direct or peripheral vision, fasting, distraction, alcohol, breathing cycle, finger tremors, exercise, drugs, intelligence, learning disorders, brain injuries, and illness Kosinski, Age is one of the factors that influence reaction time as Bellis , states that the shortest reaction time for both males and females is between the.
Essay Personality And Personality Of Personality One of the great features of each individuals is the distinct personality that everyone has from each other. Read More. Words: - Pages: 4. Words: - Pages:. Essay Personality, Personality And Your Personality Everyone has their own unique and special personality and your personality can characterize you as an individual, but what if you had a chink in your chain so to speak and your personality was not all rainbows and cupcakes.
Words: - Pages: 3. Essay The Personality Traits Of Personality they have certain personality strengths until they take an assessment to see what they actually are.